Finite element analysis of ship-ice collision using LS-DYNA

Zong, Rui (2012) Finite element analysis of ship-ice collision using LS-DYNA. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
    (Original Version)

Abstract

The energy industry's increasing interest in the Arctic region demands more and stronger polar ships. IACS has released a set of documents titled Unified Requirements for Polar Ships (URI) to harmonize different ice classification specifications. This thesis defines a procedure for evaluating an "IACS Polar Class" ship under ice impacts using LS-DYNA, an explicit finite element analysis tool. The final product includes a numerical model that is capable of evaluating the global motions of the ship and ice, the ship-ice contact force, and the local structural response of the ship. A few ice material models whose pressure-area relationships comply with the URI are proposed as well. Restoring forces are modeled using user-defined-curve-functions. This innovative approach significantly reduces the computation cost by excluding the water domain from the analysis. The Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method in LS-DYNA is discussed and employed to estimate necessary inputs for the user-defined-curve-functions. Several ship-ice impact scenarios are modeled in LS-DYNA and contact forces are compared with the estimations by DDePS, a simple analytical solution that is consistent with the URI. In the last part of this thesis, the ship from the previous analysis is ice-strengthened with internal structures in accordance with the URI and the DNV specifications. Local structural response of this ship under ice impacts is assessed.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/2419
Item ID: 2419
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 148-155).
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 2012
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Ice mechanics--Simulation methods; Sea ice--Simulation methods; Collisions at sea--Simulation methods; Finite element method--Data processing; Ice breaking operations--Simulation methods

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