Evidence of recent population increases in Common Eiders nesting in Labrador

Montevecchi, William A. and Chaulk, Keith and Robertson, Gregory J. and Collins, Brian T. and Turner, Bruce (2005) Evidence of recent population increases in Common Eiders nesting in Labrador. Journal of Wildlife Management, 69 (2). pp. 805-809. ISSN 1937-2817

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Abstract

Populations of several sea ducks are declining across their North American ranges (Sea Duck Joint Venture Management Board 2001), including populations of all 4 eider species (Somateria spp. and Polysticta steller; Kertell 1991, Stehn et al. 1993, Gratto-Trevor et al. 1998). Declines in common eider populations have been documented in Greenland, Hudson Bay, and Alaska (Robertson and Gilchrist 1998, Sudyam et al. 2000, Merkel 2004). Reasons behind these population decreases vary, and many are unclear. Factors identified as causing these declines include human disturbance, overharvesting, and climatic events (Robertson and Gilchrist 1998, Suydam et al. 2000, Merkel 2004). However, not all common eider populations in the north are decreasing; Christensen and Falk (2000) recently found evidence of population increase in an eider population in Northwest Greenland, while others have documented increases in Hudson Strait (Hipfner et al. 2001, Falardeau et al. 2003).

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/1941
Item ID: 1941
Keywords: common eider, Labrador, nest counts, population trend, Program ESTEQNINDEX, Somateria mollissima
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: April 2005
Date Type: Publication
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