Surfactant-mediated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry of small molecules

Grant, David C. and Helleur, Robert J. (2007) Surfactant-mediated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry of small molecules. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 21 (6). pp. 837-845. ISSN 1097-0231

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Abstract

A variety of surfactants have been tested as matrix-ion suppressors for the analysis of small molecules by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of flight mass spectrometry. Their addition to the common matrix a-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) greatly reduces the presence of matrixrelated ions when added at the appropriate mole ratio of CHCA/surfactant, while still allowing the analyte signal to be observed. A range of cationic quaternary ammonium surfactants, as well as a neutral and anionic surfactant, was tested for the analysis of phenolics, phenolic acids, peptides and caffeine. It was found that the cationic surfactants, particularly cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), were suitable for the analysis of acidic analytes. The anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate, showed promise for peptide analysis. For trialanine, the detection limit was observed to be in the 100 femtomole range. The final matrix/surfactant mole ratio was a critical parameter for matrix ion suppression and resulting intensity of analyte signal. It was also found that the mass resolution of analytes was improved by 25–75%. Depth profiling of sample spots, by varying the number of laser shots, revealed that the surfactants tend to migrate toward the top of the droplet during crystallization, and that it is likely that the analyte is also enriched in this surface region. Here, higher analyte/surfactant concentration would reduce matrix-matrix interactions (known to be a source of matrix-derived ions). Copyright # 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


19 Citations in Google Scholar
Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/129
Item ID: 129
Keywords: Alpha cyano 4 hydroxycinnamic acid, Carbon nanotubes, Desorption ionization, Flight mass spectrometry, Laser desorption, Maldi tof ms, Matrix assisted laser desorption, Peptides, Suppression, Surfactants, Synthetic Polymers, Time flight mass spectrometry
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: 12 February 2007
Date Type: Publication

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