Recruitment patterns and post-metamorphic attachment by the solitary ascidian, Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767) in an invading population from Placentia Bay Newfoundland and Labrador

Reid, Vanessa N. (2017) Recruitment patterns and post-metamorphic attachment by the solitary ascidian, Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767) in an invading population from Placentia Bay Newfoundland and Labrador. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Ciona intestinalis (Linneaus, 1767) is a non-indigenous species discovered in Newfoundland (NL) in 2012. It is a bio-fouler with potential to cause environmental distress and economic strain for the aquaculture industry. Key in management of this species is site-specific knowledge of life history and ecology. This study defines the environmental tolerances, recruitment patterns, habitat preferences, and attachment behaviours of C. intestinalis in Newfoundland. Over two years of field work, settlement plates and surveys were used to determine recruitment patterns, which were correlated with environmental data. The recruitment season extended from mid June to late November. Laboratory experiments defined the growth rate and attachment behaviours of Ciona intestinalis. I found mean growth rates of 10.8% length·d⁻¹. The ability for C. intestinalis to undergo metamorphosis before substrate attachment, forming a feeding planktonic juvenile, thus increasing dispersal time was also found. These planktonic juveniles were then able to attach to available substrates post-metamorphosis.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12561
Item ID: 12561
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 89-98).
Keywords: Invasive species, Ciona intestinalis, recruitment, post-metamorphic attachment, tunicate
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Aquaculture
Date: January 2017
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Ciona intestinalis -- Ecology -- Newfoundland and Labrador; Ciona intestinalis -- Control -- Environmental aspects -- Newfoundland and Labrador

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