Global dynamics of some reaction and diffusion population models in heterogeneous environments

Yu, Xiao (2015) Global dynamics of some reaction and diffusion population models in heterogeneous environments. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This thesis is devoted to the study of the global dynamics of some reaction and diffusion models incorporating with spatial and/or temporal heterogeneities. We first investigate the spatial dynamics of a reaction-advection-diffusion model for a stream population in a time-periodic environment. Then we explore the propagation phenomena for a Lotka-Volterra reaction-advection-diffusion competition model in a periodic habitat. Moreover, we establish the theory of traveling waves and spreading speeds for time-space periodic monotone semiflows with monostable structure and apply it to a time-space version of the two-species competition model. To understand the effects of the spatial heterogeneity on the spread of Lyme disease, we propose a nonlocal and time-delayed reaction-diffusion model and obtain the global stability in terms of the basic reproduction ratio and the spreading speed of the disease. At the end of this thesis, some interesting problems are presented for further investigation.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12323
Item ID: 12323
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 204-216).
Keywords: Mathematical Biology, Reaction and diffusion equations, Traveling waves, Spreading speeds, Dynamical systems
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Mathematics and Statistics
Date: October 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Differential equations, Partial; Lotka-Volterra equations; Diffusion processes; Ecological heterogeneity--Mathematical models; Stream ecology--Mathematical models

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