MINDREADING: INTROVERSION VERSUS EXTRAVERSION

King, Angela S. (2015) MINDREADING: INTROVERSION VERSUS EXTRAVERSION. Bachelor's thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Theory of mind (also called ‘mindreading’), is the ability to explain and predict others’ behaviour by inferring their mental states, such as their knowledge, beliefs, perceptions and desires. One largely unexplored question in theory of mind research is the relationship between personality and theory of mind abilities in adults. The current study investigated introverts’ and extraverts’ performance on two theory of mind tasks: one task involved judging emotional states from pictures of eyes (RMTE task), and the other involved making judgments about one’s own and others’ visual perspective (AVP task). In both tasks, the personal relevance of the situation was varied to examine whether this factor would differentially affect the performance of introverts and extraverts. There was a significant interaction between personality (introvert vs. extravert) and condition (personal vs. impersonal) in the AVP task, with extraverts performing better in the personal than in the impersonal condition but introverts performing the same in both conditions. In the RMTE task there was no interaction, as all participants performed better in the personal condition regardless of personality. There was also a main effect of personality in the RMTE, with introverts performing better overall than extraverts at judging emotions from eyes. Possible reasons behind these and other observed differences are discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12185
Item ID: 12185
Additional Information: “Includes bibliographical references (pages 33-36)”
Department(s): Grenfell Campus > Division of Social Science > Psychology
Date: 2015
Date Type: Submission

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