The dual effect of normobaric hypoxia on heart rate variability and substrate partitioning following interval cycling

Lubben, Kelsey (2016) The dual effect of normobaric hypoxia on heart rate variability and substrate partitioning following interval cycling. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Recent studies have shown the importance of the beat-by-beat changes in heart rate influenced by the autonomic nervous system (ANS), or heart rate variability (HRV). The purpose of this study was to examine the lasting effects of hypoxic exercise on HRV, and its influences on substrate usage. Results from this study could lead an increased understanding on this topic. Eight active healthy males (age: 31±11 years; height: 180±7 cm; weight: 83±8 kg; VO₂max (maximal oxygen consumption): 4.4±0.6 L•min⁻¹) underwent normoxic and hypoxic (FᵢO₂= 0.15) conditions during high-intensity interval (HIIT) cycling (70%-high interval, 35%-rest interval). Cycling intensity was determined by a peak power output cycling test. Each experimental session consisted of a basal metabolic rate determination, up to 45-minutes of HIIT cycling, and three 30-minute post-exercise metabolic rate measurements (spanning 3 hours and 15 minutes after exercise). During exercise, RPE was higher (p<0.01) and LAC (lactate) increased (p=0.001) at each point of time in hypoxia, with no change in normoxia. After hypoxic exercise, the SNS/PNS ratio (overall ANS activity) was significantly higher (p<0.01) and significantly decreased through time in both conditions (p<0.01). In addition, a significant interaction between time and conditions (p<0.02) showed a decrease in LAC concentration through time post-hypoxic exercise. The findings showed that a single bout of hypoxic exercise alters ANS activity post-exercise along with shifting substrate partitioning from glycolytic to lipolytic energy production. The significant decrease in LAC concentration post-hypoxic exercise supports the notion that hypoxic HIIT induces a greater muscle glycogen depletion leading to increased fat oxidation to sustain glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis to maintain blood glucose level during recovery.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12150
Item ID: 12150
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 89-98).
Keywords: hypoxia, heart rate variability
Department(s): Human Kinetics and Recreation, School of > Kinesiology
Date: April 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Cycling--Physiological aspects; Heart beat; Active oxygen in the body--Metabolism

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