The exclusive fishing zone for the artisanal fishery in Chocó Colombia: origins, development, and consequences for artisanal fisheries and food security.

Ramirez-Luna, Ángela V. (2013) The exclusive fishing zone for the artisanal fishery in Chocó Colombia: origins, development, and consequences for artisanal fisheries and food security. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Exclusive Fishing Zones (EFZs) are a type of place-based management tool often used to mitigate conflicts between fishing sectors by granting fishing rights to one of the sectors. This case study enhances our knowledge of the pre- and post-implementation processes associated with EFZs as well as its consequences for fish stocks and artisanal fishers and their families. The study draws upon interviews with artisanal fishers and key informants related to an EFZ established in 2008 in Colombia (the Chocó-EFZ). The findings of this research indicate that conflicts at sea and on land between artisanal and industrial fisheries triggered the Chocó-EFZ process. Results also show some potential benefits of the Chocó-EFZ including: a) mitigating conflicts between artisanal fishers and industrial shrimpers; b) contributing to the food security of artisanal fishing households and sustaining local fish stocks; c) supporting an existing informal community-based management as well as promoting the development of a co-management regime. Potential negative effects of the Chocó-EFZ include: a) displacement of industrial fishing effort and, b) job loss within the industrial shrimp industry. The findings of this research also indicate that there are multiple factors that jeopardize the effectiveness and continuation of the Chocó-EFZ, some of which include diversity of fisheries, power struggles among stakeholders, and disagreement about exclusive access to fish resources.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12113
Item ID: 12113
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references -- Restricted until October 2014.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Environmental Science
Date: May 2013
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Colombia--Chocó
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Small-scale fisheries--Colombia--Chocó--Management; Food security--Colombia--Chocó; Economic zones (Law of the sea)--Colombia--Chocó

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