Morbidity and mortality following pelvic rami fractures in an elderly Newfoundland population

Hamilton, Christopher B. (2016) Morbidity and mortality following pelvic rami fractures in an elderly Newfoundland population. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Introduction: Pelvic rami fractures in the elderly are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite our rapidly aging population there is a paucity of literature dealing with fractures of the pelvic rami in this age group. The purpose of this study is report mortality rates following these injuries in the Eastern region of Newfoundland. Additionally, we aim to describe and quantify the important resultant morbidity in this vulnerable elderly population . Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all the pelvic fractures in individuals over the age of 60 between 2000 and 2005 in the Eastern Health region of Newfoundland and Labrador. From these patients, only those with the radiographic parameters consistent with low energy pattern pelvic ring injuries were included. Excluded from the study were those with concurrent fractures of the femur. Survival data, comorbidities, injury characteristics, hospital stay, ambulatory status, and place of residence were recorded from the chart. A surrogate control group was formulated from Statistics Canada survival data for use as a survival comparison group. Results: There were 80 fractures of the pelvis identified in patients over 60 years old from 2000-2005. Of these, 43 met our inclusion/exclusion criteria and were used in our analysis. The one and five year mortalities of these patients were 16.3% (95% CI; 7.80% to 30.3%) and 58.1% (95% CI; 43.3% to 71.6%), respectively. These were both significantly different from the point estimates from our constructed age and gender matched control group from the Statistics Canada data of 6.58% (one year mortality) and 31.3% (five year mortality). Morbidity was quantified by change in ambulatory status (independent, walker/cane assisted, wheelchair) and change in residential independence (independent, assisted living, nursing home). Post fracture, 36% of patients permanently required increased ambulatory aids and 21% of patients required a permanent increase in everyday level of care. Conclusion: This study suggests that there may be significantly increased mortality and morbidity following low energy pattern pelvic rami fractures in an elderly population compared to age and gender matched controls. In contrast to previous studies describing these injuries, there is greater homogeneity in this population with respect to age and mechanism of injury. This study generates several important hypotheses for future research and in particular highlights the need for larger prospective studies to identify factors predicting the highest risk for poor outcomes in this population.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12111
Item ID: 12111
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 85-93).
Keywords: pelvic ramus, mortality, osteoporosis
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Older people--Wounds and injuries--Newfoundland and Labrador; Older people--Diseases--Newfoundland and Labrador; Older people--Mortality--Newfoundland and Labrador; Pelvic bones--Fractures--Newfoundland and Labrador
Medical Subject Heading: Aged--Newfoundland and Labrador; Aged, 80 and over--Newfoundland and Labrador; Pelvic Bones--injuries; Mortality

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