A probabilistic approach to assess hydrate formation and design preventive measures

Herath, Dinesh Bandara (2016) A probabilistic approach to assess hydrate formation and design preventive measures. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Formation of hydrates is one of the major flow assurance problems faced by the oil and gas industry. Hydrates tend to form in natural gas pipelines with the presence of water and favorable temperature and pressure conditions, generally low temperatures and corresponding high pressures. Agglomeration of hydrates can result in blockage of flowlines and equipment, which can be time consuming to remove in subsea equipment and cause safety issues. Natural gas pipelines are more susceptible to burst and explosion owing to hydrate plugging. Therefore, a rigorous risk-assessment related to hydrate formation is required, which assists in preventing hydrate blockage and ensuring equipment integrity. This thesis presents a novel methodology to assess the probability of hydrate formation and presents a risk-based approach to determine the parameters of winterization schemes to avoid hydrate formation in natural gas pipelines operating in Arctic conditions. It also presents a lab-scale multiphase flow loop to study the effects of geometric and hydrodynamic parameters on hydrate formation and discusses the effects of geometric and hydrodynamic parameters on multiphase development length of a pipeline. Therefore, this study substantially contributes to the assessment of probability of hydrate formation and the decision making process of winterization strategies to prevent hydrate formation in Arctic conditions.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/12052
Item ID: 12052
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Hydrate Formation, Probability, Risk Assessment, Winterization
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Natural gas--Hydrates; Natural gas pipeline failures--Prevention; Multiphase flow; Underwater pipelines--Risk assessment

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