Phase and partitioning behavior of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in offshore oil and gas produced water

Afolabi, Opeyemi Oluseyi (2016) Phase and partitioning behavior of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in offshore oil and gas produced water. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Produced water constitutes the largest volume of waste from offshore oil and gas operations and is composed of a wide range of organic and inorganic compounds. Although treatment processes have to meet strict oil in water regulations, the definition of “oil” is a function of the analysis process and may include aliphatic hydrocarbons which have limited environmental impact due to degradability whilst ignoring problematic dissolved petroleum species. This thesis presents the partitioning behavior of oil in produced water as a function of temperature and salinity to identify compounds of environmental concern. Phenol, p-cresol, and 4-tert-butylphenol were studied because of their xenoestrogenic power; other compounds studied are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon PAHs which include naphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, and pyrene. Partitioning experiments were carried out in an Innova incubator for 48 hours, temperature was varied from 4゚C to 70゚C, and two salinity levels of 46.8‰ and 66.8‰ were studied. Results obtained showed that the dispersed oil concentration in the water reduces with settling time and equilibrium was attained at 48 h settling time. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) partitions based on dispersed oil concentration whereas phenols are not significantly affected by dispersed oil concentration. Higher temperature favors partitioning of PAHs into the water phase. Salinity has negligible effect on partitioning pattern of phenols and PAHs studied. Simulation results obtained from the Aspen HYSYS model shows that temperature and oil droplet distribution greatly influences the efficiency of produced water treatment system.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11937
Item ID: 11937
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-106).
Keywords: Produced water, Phase and Partitioning, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Phenols, Dispersed Oil
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Oil field brines--Environmental aspects; Phenols--Analysis; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons--Analysis; Oil field brines--Purification; Partition coefficient (Chemistry)

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