Active suspension development based on energy analysis

Abedini Laksar, Mohammad Javad (2016) Active suspension development based on energy analysis. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This research focuses on developing active suspension optimal controllers for two linear and non-linear half-car models. A detailed comparison between quarter-car and half-car active suspension approaches is provided for improving two important scenarios in vehicle dynamics, i.e. ride quality and road holding. Having used a half-car vehicle model, heave and pitch motion are analyzed for those scenarios, with cargo mass as a variable. The governing equations of the system are analysed in a multi-energy domain package, i.e., 20-Sim. System equations are presented in the bond-graph language to facilitate calculation of energy usage. The results present optimum set of gains for both ride quality and road holding scenarios are the gains which has derived when maximum allowable cargo mass is considered for the vehicle. The energy implications of substituting passive suspension units with active ones are studied by considering not only the energy used by the actuator, but also the reduction in energy lost through the passive damper. Energy analysis showed less energy was dissipated in shock absorbers when either quarter-car or half-car controllers were used instead of passive suspension. It was seen that more energy could be saved by using half-car active controllers than the quarter-car ones. Results also proved that using active suspension units, whether quarter-car or half-car based, under those realistic limitations is energy-efficient and suggested.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11915
Item ID: 11915
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 207-210).
Keywords: Bond Graph, Active Suspension, 20-Sim, Energy, Pitch-Plane
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Automobiles--Springs and suspension; Bond graphs; Automobiles--Stability; Active automotive suspensions; Automobiles--Fuel consumption

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