Potential impact of invasive anuran species in western Newfoundland

Kelly, Dion O. (2016) Potential impact of invasive anuran species in western Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Successful dispersal and establishment of invasive anurans (frogs and toads) may be influenced by competitive exclusion and/or niche differentiation with competing species. I investigated the dispersal of anurans in western Newfoundland using anuran calling surveys and pond-edge visual encounter surveys. The Mink Frog, Lithobates septentrionalis, had dispersed ~50 km northeast from the original (2001) discovery location and ~34 km southwest; displaying spatial separation from Green Frogs, Lithobates clamitans, at landscape and local scales. Visual encounter surveys did not reveal any correlation between adult Mink Frogs and odonate competitors. Additionally, I assessed the impact of varying tadpole densities on removal of epilithic periphyton by providing epilithon covered substrates for American Toad, Anaxyrus americanus, tadpoles raised in laboratory or field enclosures. Higher tadpole densities resulted in smaller tadpoles that removed more periphyton from substrates. As anuran population ranges expand, there may be effects on ecological resources for vertebrate and invertebrate competitors.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11891
Item ID: 11891
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: frog, invasive, Lithobates septentrionalis, tadpole, epilithon, niche differentiation, Newfoundland
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology
Date: March 2016
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Anura--Dispersal--Newfoundland and Labrador; Introduced animals--Ecology--Newfoundland and Labrador; Competition (Biology)--Newfoundland and Labrador

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