The role of supraspinal excitability in the development of healthy-limb deficits following anterior cruciate ligament injury

Budden, Shawn (2016) The role of supraspinal excitability in the development of healthy-limb deficits following anterior cruciate ligament injury. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

In the current study, we examined how supraspinal and spinal excitability were altered bilaterally after unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr). 7 participants with ACLr and 7 healthy controls underwent transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electrical stimulation. To evaluate supraspinal excitability, resting motor thresholds (RMT) and motor evoked potential (MEP) stimulus response curves (SRC) were used. To measure spinal excitability, H-reflex SRC gain was assessed. Mixed factorial ANOVAs were used to compare measures between limbs and between groups. Cohen’s d was used to assess effect sizes between groups. Data indicated no significant differences between subject groups or between limbs. However, large effect sizes were found between limbs for H-reflex gain and RMTs suggesting that ACLr can have an effect on some of the variables examined. This study identified decreases in strength in the injured limbs and that subjects with an ACL injury exhibited decreases in spinal and supraspinal excitability of the quadriceps compared to Healthy controls.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11889
Item ID: 11889
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 57-70).
Keywords: Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Supraspinal Excitability, Spinal Excitability, Injury, Quadriceps
Department(s): Human Kinetics and Recreation, School of > Kinesiology
Date: February 2016
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Anterior cruciate ligament--Wounds and injuries; Reflexes; Extremities (Anatomy)--Movements; Neuromuscular transmission

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