spargel, the PGC-1α homologue, in models of Parkinson disease in Drosophila melanogaster

Staveley, Brian E. and Merzetti, Eric M. (2015) spargel, the PGC-1α homologue, in models of Parkinson disease in Drosophila melanogaster. BMC Neuroscience, 16 (70). ISSN 1471-2202

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Abstract

Background Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder presenting with symptoms of resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, postural instability and additional severe cognitive impairment over time. These symptoms arise from a decrease of available dopamine in the striatum of the brain resulting from the breakdown and death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. A process implicated in the destruction of these neurons is mitochondrial breakdown and impairment. Upkeep and repair of mitochondria involves a number of complex and key components including Pink1, Parkin, and the PGC family of genes. PGC-1α has been characterized as a regulator of mitochondria biogenesis, insulin receptor signalling and energy metabolism, mutation of this gene has been linked to early onset forms of PD. The mammalian PGC family consists of three partially redundant genes making the study of full or partial loss of function difficult. The sole Drosophila melanogaster homologue of this gene family, spargel (srl), has been shown to function in similar pathways of mitochondrial upkeep and biogenesis. Results Directed expression of srl-RNAi in the D. melanogaster eye causes abnormal ommatidia and bristle formation while eye specific expression of srl-EY does not produce the minor rough eye phenotype associated with high temperature GMR-Gal4 expression. Ddc-Gal4 mediated tissue specific expression of srl transgene constructs in D. melanogaster DA neurons causes altered lifespan and climbing ability. Expression of a srl-RNAi causes an increase in mean lifespan but a decrease in overall loco-motor ability while induced expression of srl-EY causes a severe decrease in mean lifespan and a decrease in loco-motor ability. Conclusions The reduced lifespan and climbing ability associated with a tissue specific expression of srl in DA neurons provides a new model of PD in D. melanogaster which may be used to identify novel therapeutic approaches to human disease treatment and prevention.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11885
Item ID: 11885
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: spargel, PGC-1α, Neurodegeneration, Parkinson disease, Drosophila melanogaster
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biology
Date: 26 October 2015
Date Type: Publication
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