Governing enclosure for coastal communities: Social embeddedness in a Canadian shrimp fishery

Foley, Paul and Mather, Charles and Neis, Barbara (2015) Governing enclosure for coastal communities: Social embeddedness in a Canadian shrimp fishery. Marine Policy, 61. pp. 390-400. ISSN 0308-597X

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Abstract

Critical analyses of neoliberalism׳s influence on fisheries governance have documented how enclosure, quota leasing and renting, and commodification can precipitate negative social consequences for fishing communities. By contrast, this paper draws on the concept of embeddedness to argue that certain policies and social relations can regulate enclosure, quota renting, and commodification in ways that empower community-based groups to facilitate the anchoring of fishery resources and wealth in coastal communities. It does so through an analysis of northern shrimp fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, between the 1970s and the early 2000s. This case study illustrates how fisheries enclosure policies informed by geographically and morally defined principles of access and equity and limits on commodification can meaningfully embed fishery resources and benefits in rural and remote coastal regions that depend on small-scale fishing. Although the application of social principles continues to be marginalized in the context of neoliberal policy regimes that privilege individual economic efficiency over distributive concerns, this paper provides new insight into the conditions under which principles of ethical allocation and distribution of resources are able to persist through an era of neoliberalism.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11775
Item ID: 11775
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: Catch shares, Enclosure, Governance, Neoliberalism, Political ecology
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Sociology
Date: November 2015
Date Type: Publication
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