An automatic method of above-water iceberg 3-D profiling based on autonomous surface craft (ASC) using surface images and LIDAR

Wang, Yahui (2015) An automatic method of above-water iceberg 3-D profiling based on autonomous surface craft (ASC) using surface images and LIDAR. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This thesis reports on a novel method to build a 3-D model of the above-water portion of icebergs using surface imaging. The goal is to work towards the automation of iceberg surveys, allowing an Autonomous Surface Craft (ASC) to acquire shape and size information. After collecting data and images, the core software algorithm is made up of three parts: occluding contour finding, volume intersection, and parameter estimation. A software module is designed that could be used on the ASC to perform automatic and fast processing of above-water surface image data to determine iceberg shape and size measurement and determination. The resolution of the method is calculated using data from the iceberg database of the Program of Energy Research and Development (PERD). The method was investigated using data from field trials conducted through the summer of 2014 by surveying 8 icebergs during 3 expeditions. The results were analyzed to determine iceberg characteristics. Limitations of this method are addressed including its accuracy. Surface imaging system and LIDAR system are developed to profile the above-water iceberg in 2015.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11709
Item ID: 11709
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 86-89).
Keywords: Iceberg; surface imaging; 3-D model; automatic; LIDAR
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: November 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Icebergs--Computer simulation; Three-dimensional modeling; Three-dimensional imaging; Icebergs--Surfaces--Imaging

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