Perceptions of bullying and intervention in relation to personality

Rideout, Felicia S. (2015) Perceptions of bullying and intervention in relation to personality. Bachelor's thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate people’s perceptions of bullying and whether their stated willingness to intervene in a bullying situation was related to gender and personality. The hypothesis was that participants with high Extraversion along with low Agreeableness and Conscientiousness scores would be more likely to report having engaged in bullying behaviors. It was assumed that people would prefer not to intervene in a bullying scenario. One hundred and twelve university students (14 men, 95 women, and 3 other) who range in age from 18 to 42 filled out an online survey consisting of three sections assessing: (a) personality; (b) attitudes toward, and experience with, bullying; and (c) demographics. A series of logistic regressions, discriminant function analyses, and multinomial logistic regressions were conducted on the data collected. Overall, 16.1% of participants saw or heard direct bullying in the last two weeks. Furthermore, 11.6% reported that they had been bullied through mobile phone use and 7.1% reported that they had been bullied through internet use in the last two weeks. People who were more Agreeable and more Extraverted were most likely to report that they would intervene in a direct bullying scenario. However, personality did not predict whether people were more likely to report that they would intervene in indirect bullying or cyberbullying scenarios. This result may be due to the perception that direct bullying is more aggressive and has more of a physical impact on an individual, as opposed to indirect and cyberbullying scenarios. Intervention may be more likely reported for a direct bullying scenario because the witness can visualize the physical harm imposed upon the victim.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11638
Item ID: 11638
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 28-31)
Department(s): Grenfell Campus > Division of Social Science > Psychology
Date: 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Bullying--Sex differences; College students--Attitudes; Bullying--Psychological aspects; Personality assessment; Operant behavior

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