Investigation of the interaction between the single-walled carbon nanotubes and fluorene-based conjugated oligomers using dispersion corrected DFT methods

Khan, Mohammad Zahidul Hossain (2015) Investigation of the interaction between the single-walled carbon nanotubes and fluorene-based conjugated oligomers using dispersion corrected DFT methods. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

The area of carbon nanotubes (CNT)-polymer composites has been progressing rapidly in recent years. Pure CNT and CNT-polymer composites have many useful (industry related) properties ranging from good electrical conductivity to superior strength. However the full potential of using pure CNTs has been severely limited because of complications associated with the dispersion of CNTs. CNTs tend to entangle with each other forming materials that have properties that fall short of the expectations. The goal of this work is to enhance the understanding as to which type of conjugated oligomers is best suited for the dispersion of single walled CNTs (SWCNTs). For this purpose, various methods of dispersion corrected density functional theory (DFT-D/B97D, /WB97XD,/CAM-B3LYP) have been used to investigate the interaction between the SWCNT and the fluorene based oligomers with different end groups (aldehyde (ALD) and dithiafulvenyl (DTF)). We investigate the effect of intermolecular interactions on the structure, dipole moments and energetics of the oligomers. Our results indicate that DTF-endcapped oligomers tend to stretch along the nanotube (i.e. they lie parallel to it). On the other hand, ALD-endcapped oligomers tend to lie across the nanotube. As a result of this structural difference, our results also indicate that, DTF-endcapped conjugated oligomers become somewhat more polarized than ALD-endcapped oligomers in the presence of the SWCNTs and the binding energy is smaller for DTF-endcapped than ALD-endcapped oligomers with side chain.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11593
Item ID: 11593
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 136-144).
Keywords: Dispersion corrected DFT, Density functional theory, Pi conjugated oligomer and Carbon nanotube
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: October 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Carbon nanotubes; Conjugated polymers; Density functionals; Conjugated oligomers; Energy gap (Physics); Dispersion

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