Speed, David (2015) Health outcomes associated with attending church, praying, and religiosity are moderated by religious, spriritual, and atheist identities. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
- Accepted Version
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Research investigating Religion/Spirituality and health often notes that Religious/Spiritual constructs (i.e., attending church, praying/meditating, and religiosity) are associated with salutary outcomes. However, there is a consistent failure to investigate whether being non-religious, non-spiritual, or atheist affects the experience of Religious/Spiritual constructs. Using large, representative datasets from Canadian and American sources, it was investigated whether the relationships between Religious/Spiritual constructs and health outcomes, were moderated by Religious/Spiritual identities. This series of four interrelated studies converged on three findings. First, the non-religious, non-spiritual, and atheists tended to experience Religious/Spiritual constructs less positively than the religious, spiritual, or non-atheists. Second, when the non-religious, non-spiritual, and atheists reported higher levels of Religious/Spiritual constructs, these groups reported poorer health than the religious, spiritual, or non-atheists. Third, when considering subsets of the non-religious, non-spiritual, or atheists, Religious/Spiritual constructs were never associated with salutary outcomes. The discussion focused on the role of Religious/Spiritual identities affecting the experience of Religious/Spiritual constructs, and the advantages of not treating atheism as a Religious Identity.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))|
|Additional Information:||Includes bibliographical references (pages 126-149).|
|Keywords:||atheist, non-religious, non-spiritual, attendance, prayer, meditation, religiosity, self-rated health, emotional well-being, psychological well-being, happiness, satisfaction with life, General Social Survey, Canadian Community Health Survey, linear regression, homoscedasticity, heteroscedasticity, statistical moderation|
|Department(s):||Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Psychology
Science, Faculty of > Psychology
|Library of Congress Subject Heading:||Psychology and religion; Religions--Health aspects; Spirituality--Health aspects; Identification (Religion); Atheists--Psychological testing; Theists--Psychological testing|
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