Monte Carlo simulations of ABC stacked kagome lattice thin films

Yerzhakov, Hennadii (2015) Monte Carlo simulations of ABC stacked kagome lattice thin films. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

In this thesis properties of thin films of the frustrated antiferromagnet IrMn₃ (chemically ordered phase) are examined using Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations, which is a step towards a better understanding of the exchange bias phenomenon in heterostructures with this material. This fcc compound has an unusual magnetic structure composed of ABC stacked (along cubic h111i axes) kagome layers of magnetic Mn ions. The kagome lattice is known to exhibit a high degree of frustration for antiferromagnetically coupled spins. A classical spin Heisenberg Hamiltonian is utilized, where symmetry breaking at the surfaces is modeled by introducing a local easy axis anisotropy perpendicular to the film. The impact of having an easy-axis anisotropy on the surface layers and cubic anisotropy in the middle layers is explored. The spin structure at the surface is shown to be different from that of the bulk 3D system, where spins tend to align along the surface [111] normal axis. This alignment tendency then propagates to the middle layers through exchange coupling. Results are shown for the specific heat, magnetization and sub-lattice order parameters for both surface and middle spins in three and six layer films as a function of increasing axial anisotropy. Preliminary results of simulations of the thin films with surface magnetic vacancies, which usually is present in real films, are also shown.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11558
Item ID: 11558
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 100-102).
Keywords: Heisenberg model, Monte Carlo simulations, geometrical frustration, thin film, anisotropy, exchange bias
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: October 2015
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Antiferromagnetism--Mathematical models; Monte Carlo method; Magnetic films--Structure; Heisenberg uncertainty principle

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