Acoustic seabed classification of demersal capelin spawning habitat in coastal northeast Newfoundland

Rose-Taylor, C. (2006) Acoustic seabed classification of demersal capelin spawning habitat in coastal northeast Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

In this study, acoustic remote sensing tools and techniques were used to map, classify and characterize demersal (off beach) capelin (Mallotus villosus, Mülller, 1776) spawning. -- Historically, capelin are known to spawn on and near modem gravel beaches in coastal Newfoundland and demersally on the Southeast Shoal on the Grand Banks. Recently, capelin were observed spawning demersally at seven sites on the northeast coast of Newfoundland. These demersal sites were compared to previously studied beach sites around Newfoundland. Sea water temperature was determined to be the primary factor controlling the occurrence of capelin spawning. Spawning can occur on beaches or demersally when sea water temperatures are between 2°C and 12°C. Depth and temperature are highly correlated such that the depth of the capelin spawning sites was dependent on the depth of the 2°C to 12°C isotherms. -- The second factor that controls capelin spawning is seafloor sediment. Beach and demersal spawning occurred on poorly-sorted postglacial sand and gravel sediments at water depths of 18 m to 33 m. The postglacial sediments from these sites are linked to changes in sea-level and may have been deposited around 8600 (radiocarbon) years ago when the postglacial lowstand of the sea-level of the study area was situated 17-18 m below present sea-level. -- Supervised acoustic classification identified four different seabed types: fine sand, gravel (a mixture of medium sand to coarse pebble), cobble-boulder-bedrock, and macroalgae. Capelin spawning at most sites occurred on gravel, but at two sites spawning was associated with fine sand. The supervised acoustic classification of the seabed was achieved by matching acoustic signatures to ground-truth data from grab samples and images captured with a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) equipped with a video camera.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11358
Item ID: 11358
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 117-120).
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Geography
Date: 2006
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Capelin--Spawning--Newfoundland and Labrador--Northeast Coast; Ocean--Newfoundland and Labrador--Northeast Coast--Remote sensing; Underwater acoustics--Newfoundland and Labrador--Northeast Coast.

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