Arsenic removal by sand filtration for potable water in rural Newfoundland and Labrador

Rohail, Danial Bin (2012) Arsenic removal by sand filtration for potable water in rural Newfoundland and Labrador. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

The high concentration of arsenic in groundwater sources of Newfoundland has been reported by governmental departments and individual researchers. Arsenic uptake by human beings can cause the cancer of lungs, kidneys and skin. The National Health and Medical Research Council (2003), NHMRC, of Australia has set the maximum acceptable concentration (MAC) for arsenic in drinking water at 7 μg/L. The main objective of this research was to find an economical and sustainable water treatment method for rural Newfoundland. The locally available sand was used as a filter media to treat the groundwater without the aid of chemicals. Leaching column studies were conducted to determine the ability of sand to treat the water without exceeding the arsenic levels of 7 μg/L. 1400 mL of high strength Wabana water (As: 62.91 μg/L and Fe: 11825.84 μg/L) could easily be treated using a small sand filled column (6.7 cm x 6.7 cm (dia. x length)) as compared to the 4,000 mL and 10,500 mL for mixtures of the high strength and normal Wabana waters in the ratios of 1:1 and 1:3, respectively. Combining aeration and dilution, 9,000 mL and 18,000 mL of 1:1 and 1:3 mixtures, respectively, were treated without exceeding the arsenic limit of 7 μg/L. The Fe/As ratio was a major factor affecting arsenic adsorption and column tests were conducted with the high strength Wabana water mixed with Freshwater water in 1:10 (Mix-1), 2:10 (Mix-2) and 3:10 (Mix-3) proportions. The 2:10 mixture performed better than the Mix-1 or Mix-3 mixtures. The arsenic concentration after treating 39,000 ml was 8.735 μg/L for the Mix-2 water and 23.93 μg/L and 12.315 μg/L for the Mix-1 and Mix-3 waters, respectively.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11353
Item ID: 11353
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 111-116).
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 2012
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Groundwater--Arsenic content--Newfoundland and Labrador; Drinking water--Arsenic content--Newfoundland and Labrador; Water--Purification--Arsenic removal--Newfoundland and Labrador; Water--Purification--Sand filtration--Newfoundland and Labrador.

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