Epidemiology of type 1 diabetes: high incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada

Newhook, Leigh A. (2004) Epidemiology of type 1 diabetes: high incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus among children aged 0 -14 years in the Avalon Peninsula in the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador. -- Research Design: Prospective cohort study. -- Participants/Setting: Children aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus from 1987 to 2002, on the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland. -- Methods: The primary objective was to determine the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Identified cases during this time period were ascertained from several sources and verified using the capture-recapture technique. Data were obtained from the only pediatric diabetes treatment center for children living on the Avalon Peninsula. -- Results: Over the study period 294 children aged 0-14 years from the Avalon Peninsula were diagnosed with T1DM. The incidence of T1DM in this population over the period 1987 - 2002 inclusive was 35.93 per 100,000 per year. The incidence over this period increased linearly at the rate of 1.25 per 100,000 per year. -- Conclusion: The Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland has one of the highest incidences of T1DM reported worldwide. The incidence is increasing over the 16-year study period.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/11133
Item ID: 11133
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 2004
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Diabetes in children--Newfoundland and Labrador--Avalon Peninsula --Epidemiology.
Medical Subject Heading: ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1--epidemiology--Newfoundland and Labrador --Avalon Peninsula; Child.

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