Copeland, Alison (2006) Benthic habitat mapping with multibeam sonar in Newman Sound, Terra Nova National Park, Newfoundland. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.
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The objective of this thesis is to characterise and map the benthic habitats of Newman Sound, a fjord in Terra Nova National Park, eastern Newfoundland. A multibeam sonar system was used to collect bathymetric and acoustic backscatter data. As backscatter is a function of seafloor substrate, interpretations were made about the distribution of substrates, and these were tested by groundtruthing. Benthic sediments were collected using a Peterson grab and video images were collected with a tethered drop camera, SCUBA divers, and a remotely operated vehicle. A seismic sub-bottom profiler was also used. Nine substrates were identified, and each supported a distinct assemblage of invertebrates and algae, which were classified into eleven habitats. The distribution of substrates and habitats were mapped in a Geographic Information System (GIS). The results indicate that this methodology can effectively map fjord habitats and successfully identifies areas of conservation value.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Additional Information:||Bibliography: leaves 161-167.|
|Department(s):||Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Geography|
|Library of Congress Subject Heading:||Benthos--Habitat--Newfoundland and Labrador--Newman Sound; Sonar; Submarine topography--Newfoundland and Labrador--Newman Sound.|
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