St. John's Harbour 5 (HeCi-30) and an examination of Groswater and early Dorset relationships in Labrador

Anton, Elaine P. (2004) St. John's Harbour 5 (HeCi-30) and an examination of Groswater and early Dorset relationships in Labrador. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

In 1981 archaeologist William Fitzhugh reported that excavations of St. John's Harbour 5 (HeCi-30), located in the islands east of Nain, Labrador, had recovered "important data from a house apparently occupied by a late Groswater Dorset group undergoing influence from Early Dorset culture" (Fitzhugh 1981 :36). Fitzhugh based this interpretation on artifact style and raw material use he considered atypical for Groswater. In order to assess whether this site is indicative of influence from Early Dorset culture, Groswater and Labrador Early Dorset sites are reviewed to determine if interaction (resulting in influence) occurred between these groups in Labrador overall. To evaluate if interaction took place the site locations, dates, artifacts, raw material use, house styles and subsistence and settlement patterns for all Groswater and Labrador Early Dorset sites in Labrador are reviewed. From this analysis, it is concluded that Groswater and Labrador Early Dorset co-existed during overlapping time periods in the same geographic regions, but utilized unique tool kits and raw materials suggesting little direct interaction (including at the St. John's Harbour Site itself). At the same time, the pattern of site placement for these two groups indicates a partitioning of areas, evidenced especially in the Nain region, resulting in Groswater largely utilizing inner islands and Labrador Early Dorset utilizing the outer islands. This suggests passive interaction, that is, a decision to avoid each other through a division of land use and resources within geographic regions during the same time period.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/10092
Item ID: 10092
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 91-99.
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Anthropology
Date: 2004
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Dorset culture--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's Harbour; Excavations (Archaeology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's Harbour; Groswater culture--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's Harbour; Inuit--Newfoundland and Labrador--St. John's Harbour;

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