Low flow frequency study for Newfoundland and Labrador

Mostofi Zadeh, Shabnam (2012) Low flow frequency study for Newfoundland and Labrador. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to quantify the characteristics of low flows in rivers of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, and to develop equations which could be used to estimate the magnitude, frequency, duration, and spells of low flow events. These different aspects of low flows were analyzed by applying methods of flow frequency, flow duration, and flow spell analysis, respectively. Sixty hydrometric stations in the Island of Newfoundland which have more than 20 years of complete data were selected for the current low flow study. Because of the sparseness and shortness of hydrometric data in Labrador, sites with more than 15 years of data were chosen with a total of 12 stations. An L-moment based approach was applied for regional frequency analysis of annual minimum 1-day and 7-day flows for two separate homogeneous regions, Island of Newfoundland, and Labrador and it yielded prediction equations for low flows of different durations and return periods. The performance of these regional models was verified using new sets of data, and showed reliable results. Therefore, one can use these prediction models for ungauged sites in Newfoundland and Labrador. To perform regional flow duration analysis, physiographic parameters of the regions under study were regressed against quantiles of flow duration curves obtained for each hydrometric station to produce a regional model for predicting flow duration curves at any ungauged sites. Regional model of flow durations were validated successfully using a new set of data, and the results were promising. Different hydrological methodologies were applied to define flow spells for rivers in Newfoundland and Labrador, and regional models were defined to predict the annual maximum flow spell variables in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/10014
Item ID: 10014
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 129-137).
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 2012
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Stream measurements--Newfoundland and Labrador; Water-supply--Newfoundland and Labrador; Stream-gaging stations--Newfoundland and Labrador.

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